Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala and extending into the limestone shelf of the Yucatan peninsula lie the mysterious temples and pyramids of the Maya. While Europe was still in the midst of the Dark Ages, these amazing people had mapped the heavens, evolved the only true writing system native to the Americas and were masters of mathematics.
Their legacy in stone, which has survived in a spectacular fashion at places such as Palenque, Tikal, Tulum, Chichen Itza, Copan and Uxmal, lives on as do the seven million descendants of the classic Maya civilization. The complex of approximately 600 pyramids of various sizes is dominated by the great Pyramid of the Sun which was built over a natural cave with four chambers (cf. Sacred Caves). Mesoamerican belief saw caves as gateways to the spiritual world (called Xibalba by the Maya). There can be no doubt that the Pyramid of the Sun was deliberately built over the sacred cave.
"Avenue of the Dead" at TEOTIHUACAN Mexico
Temple Mounds were placed along the Avenue at exact ratios to the distances to all of the Solar Systems planets! In Nahuatl, Teotihuacan means 'The City of the Gods', or 'Where Men Become Gods'. Teotihuacan was the sixth largest city in the world in AD 600. Besides the major ceremonial pyramids, there were also palaces and temples, especially near the north end of the city surrounding the plaza in front of the Pyramid of the Moon. These included the Palace of Quetzalcoatl, the Butterfly Palace, the Temple of the Feathered Conches, and the Palace of the Jaguars. The sophistication and artistry of the Teotihuacanos can be seen everywhere in the magnificent murals and stone carvings which adorn the walls of the palaces and apartment compounds. The artwork is beautiful, refined, elegant and stylish. The plazas, avenues, and great pyramids of the city of Teotihuacan were laid out as a symbolic sacred landscape of artificial foothills and mountains. The pyramids of Teotihuacan rise as high as twenty-story buildings, above the central Mexican highlands with a grandeur and mystery that stirs the imagination and inspires the soul. This site is truly exceptional. All of the buildings are aligned with the stars and the solar system from precise survey points in the nearby mountain range, using an advanced understanding of mathematics, geometry and astronomy. The Mayans used astronomy to precisely work out their position on earth with startling accuracy. Teotihuacán flourished and became a religious and economic center, controlling the region’s production of obsidian (the black stone used to make weapons and utensils). All this seems a strange phenomena because, as with the Egyptians, they both had the same designs, ideas, and beliefs; all this being over 3 thousand miles apart. There are also many coincidences in shapes, signs, names, ranks, and gods.
MOON PYRAMID in
Although this pyramid is smaller than that of the Sun, it was constructed on higher ground and its peak is roughly at the same height. Here there are four tiers, and some of the steps are so large that climbing the pyramid requires much effort. Between 1AD and 250AD the ceremonial core was completed, including the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon and the Calle de los Muertos. The massive pyramid structures were painted red and must have been an awe-inspiring sight. Trading relationships were established with Monte Albán in Oaxaca and the gulf coast - there is little evidence of any hostility during the years of prosperity. (You will not see any depictions of warfare or human sacrifice in the carvings and murals at Teotihuacán, unlike many contemporary cities in Mexico). Another fascinating feature of some of the pyramidal structures is that they contain a broad, thick layer of mica, which had to be brought from Brazil, over 2000 miles away! Mica is very flaky and fragile, yet it was brought in very large pieces from great distances (and without wheeled vehicles). Then the mica was used on an inner layer of the pyramid, not where it could be seen. Why? One characteristic of mica is that it is used as an insulator in electronic and electrical things. Was that its purpose here? Another mystery of Teotihuacan. East-West axis of the pyramid of the Moon 144 STU. 72 STU apart. Centre of the pyramid of the Sun lies 720 STU south of centre of the pyramid of the Moon, same as at Angkor Wat in Cambodia. pyramid of the Sun, west face 15° 30’ north of due west, east face 15° 30’ south of due east. West face of pyramid of the Sun is "the way of the dead".